The Dutch government has recognized the risk of lithium ion battery fires and the need for effective extinguishing agents. They asked KIWA and the Royal Netherlands Standardization Institute to develop a technical guideline to test the suitability of portable fire extinguishers for lithium ion battery fires.
In November 2021 this has resulted in the NTA 8133 (Nederlandse Technische Afspraak). The NTA 8133 is the first publication for lithium ion battery fires with medium capacities up to 600 Wh. Such chargeable batteries are to be found in handheld electronics, such as smartphones, laptops, electric tools, household equipment, portable medical equipment, toys, radio-controlled objects, drones and e-bikes.